He was born in Mumbai (India) in 1947.

When he settled in England, he started fiction writing.

In 1975, he released "Grimus," his 1st novel. The Booker Prize, Britain's most prestigious literary honor, was given to his second book, "Midnight's Children," in 1981.

He has authored 12 novels, the most well-known of which being "The Satanic Verses," which was released in 1988.

Some readers think the book disrespects Islam.

Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini of Iran declared "The Satanic Verses" blasphemous in 1989 and issued a fatwa against Rushdie.

Following that, the book was prohibited in other nations. Around the world, there were violent protests.

The British government provided him with 24-hour protection. He had to keep his whereabouts a secret for almost ten years. But he continued to write.

After that, Salman Rushdie was savagely attacked on Friday at the Chautauqua Institution in western New York as he prepared to address a crowd.

Rushdie was flown to a hospital, where he is receiving surgery, according to the New York State Police.